In 1957, Bresse inhabitants voted a law on an Appellation d’Origine Contrôlée label to protect the reputation of their poultry, still the only poultry featuring an AOC label today. Slightly over a million poultry are sold in Bresse each year.
After 3 weeks they must be fed exclusively with corn and dairy products. They are slaughtered after a minimum of 4 months after having spent 10-15 days in the dark in an épinette (special wooden cage).
The Bresse poulard :
These female chicks are raised in the same way as the male Bresse chicken, but they are slaughtered after a minimum of 5 months, before laying eggs, after having spent 30 days in the dark in an épinette (special wooden cage).
The Bresse capon :
This caponized chicken is raised in the same way as the Bresse chicken and poularde. The poultry raiser provides it with a larger grassy area (20m2 per capon) and it is slaughtered after a minimum of 8 months, after having spent 30 days in the dark in an épinette (special wooden cage).
The " Quatre Glorieuses " contests celebrate this exceptional poultry every year in mid-December. These traditional fine poultry contests (Bresse capons, poulardes, chicken and turkey) represent a prestigious showcase for a know-how unique in the world.
The " Confrérie des Poulardiers " works to protect and promote the Bresse Poultry. (Mr DUCROT - Tel : 03.85.75.10.26)
Le CIVB (Comité Interprofessionnel de la Volaille de Bresse) provides support to poultry farmers and is in charge of promotion for the sector.